What is the Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is what it is called. Indirect taxes such as excise duty, VAT, and services tax have been replaced by this tax. Parliament enacted the Goods and Services Tax Act on March 29, 2017, and it went into effect on July 1, 2017.

In other words, the provision of goods and services is subject to GST. Every value addition is subject to the country’s Goods and Services Tax (GST), which is a multi-stage, destination-based tax. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a single national indirect tax legislation.

Indirect tax levy prior to the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax was as follows:

The tax levy pattern of GST was

Every time a product is sold, the tax is collected. Intra-state sales are subject to both the Central and State taxes. The Integrated GST is applicable to all interstate sales, regardless of location.

Now that we’ve covered the basics, let’s take a closer look at the definition of Goods and Service Tax.


From the time an item is made until the time it is sold, it passes through a series of hands-on transitions.

Let’s have a look at these stages:

  • Commodity purchases
  • The process of making something
  • Finished-goods storage facilities
  • Offering products at a discount to wholesalers
  • The retail sale of the goods.
  • Dealing directly with the general public
  • GST Multi-stage
  • A multi-stage tax, the Goods and Services Tax is charged at each of these steps.
  • Adding Value to the Taxes

In order to produce biscuits, a biscuit maker must purchase ingredients like flour and sugar. When sugar and flour are combined and cooked into biscuits, their worth rises.

Once the biscuits are purchased by the warehousing company, they are packaged and labelled in big numbers. This is another additional feature that raises the biscuits’ overall worth. This is then sold to a retailer by the warehousing agency following this process.

The store increases the worth of the biscuits by packaging them in fewer amounts and investing in their promotion. The monetary value added at each step to reach the ultimate sale to the end client is subject to GST, which is imposed on these value additions.


In this example, commodities made in Maharashtra and sold in Karnataka are considered. All of the tax income generated by the Goods and Service Tax would go to Karnataka rather than Maharashtra, since it is imposed at the point of consumption.

The History of the GST.

In the year 2000, a group was formed to design legislation for the Goods and Services Tax (GST). It took 17 years for the Law to change from there. The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha both approved the GST Bill last year. The GST Law went into effect on July 1st, 2017.

GST’s Overarching Goals

In order to realise the goal of “One Nation, One Tax,” the GST has replaced a number of indirect taxes that were in force before to the implementation of GST. With a single tax, every state follows the same rate for a given commodity or service. It is simpler to administer taxes when the rates and policies are set by the government at large. Laws such as e-way bills for goods transportation and e-invoicing may be implemented to make reporting of transactions easier and more efficient. Having fewer paperwork and deadlines makes it easier for taxpayers to stay on top of their taxes. Ultimately, it’s an all-encompassing mechanism for enforcing indirect tax laws.

Several formerly indirect taxes, such service tax, value-added tax (VAT), central excise, and others, were rolled into one to cover most of India’s indirect taxes. States had some control over taxes, while the federal government had others. There was no centralised and uniform tax on both products and services in the country until this one was enacted. As a result, GST was implemented. All of the main indirect taxes were combined under the GST regime. It has decreased the burden on taxpayers and eased the government’s tax management.

In order to stop the tax domino effect from spreading

The removal of the tax cascade was one of the key goals of the GST. Previously, people couldn’t use the tax credits from one tax to offset the other because of disparate indirect tax legislation. For example, the excise charges paid during the manufacturing process could not be recouped against the VAT that would be due at the time of the sale. Because of this, taxes began to rise. Taxes are only levied at each level of the supply chain if there is a net increase in value. As a result of this, the cascading impact of taxes has been eliminated and the flow of input tax credits has become more frictionless.

In order to reduce tax avoidance.

Unlike any of the previous indirect tax regulations in India, the new GST rules are far more strict. Only invoices filed by the taxpayer’s respective suppliers are eligible for an input tax credit under GST. Fake invoices cannot be used to claim input tax credits in this manner. Electronic invoicing has added weight to this goal. Because the GST is an all-encompassing tax with a comprehensive central monitoring system, it is much easier to identify and prosecute tax defaulters. Thus, the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has reduced tax evasion and minimised tax fraud to a great degree.

Phillip Armstrong

The author Phillip Armstrong